分类: <span>ready for sale – cn</span>

Philips Saturn 653/4E/3D german radios - cn

Philips S…

.
PHILIPS SATURN 653/4E/3D

PHILIPS SATURN 653/4E/3D

The Philips Saturn 653 / 4E / 3D is the second most important model of the house in 1955, and in the intentions of the manufacturer aspires to be one of the most popular models of all German production for the innovative technology used.

As a matter of fact, they met their goal and produced a unique piece of technology, for both the German and World Wide market.
It’s peculiarities are:

  • 4 power tubes (2xEL84 and 2xUL41)
  • Dedicated amps for Hi and Low frequencies
  • An Iron-Free coupling output (OTL)
  • High Damping Factor with Negative Feedback circuit
  • 4 High impedance speakers

The Philips Saturn 653 / 4E / 3D has dimensions in line with the top models, but it’s woodwork, frames, and speaker covers contribute in giving it a much sleeker, eye-pleasing look to complete any furniture display.
The Low frequencies are particularly deep thanks to the separated OTL amplifiers and to the impressive size of the subwoofer, approximately 21cm in diameter (more or less 8.3 inches).
Exactly the same as for the Capella 753/4E/3D model I suggest making good use of the mid-tweeter, as this successfully crafted speaker (17 cm in diameter) makes the mid and Hi frequencies pleasant and true to life, especially if seated in front of the Machine.

High and Mid Frequencies sections
The FM group is of the variable permeability type. It has a high amplification and stability.
Being equipped with an automatic noise suppressor in the presence of signals below 1.7 V, the output is muted to avoid hearing rustling and noise when searching for stations.
The de-emphasis circuit is set to 50 uS, valid all over the world except for the USA and South Korea. In these countries, the filter should be increased to 75 uS.
The AM section is equipped with a rotating antenna for the OM and OL bands. The antenna can be controlled by a knob on the front.
The mid-frequency sections are composed of three separate filters for AM and FM. The first of these filters is adjustable. The second is the amplifier filter and the third filter further increases the selectivity of the device.

All the listed solutions translate into a very low distortion, an increase in power, and a pleasantness of use hardly ever obtained in other appliances.
This is the Philips Saturn 653/4E/3D

 

 

Philips Saturn 653/4E/3D
Philips Saturn 653/4E/3D

BLUETOOTH

Bluetooth receiver embed

READ MORE >

MULTI PLATFORM CONNECTION

Each radio is equipped with a cable for connection to any digital device.

READ MORE >

TUBESOUND IMPROVEMENT

- Bluetooth receiver embed - The unit is equipped with a BLUETOOTH receiver powered directly by the receiver power supply. This makes it possible to control the amplifier from any external digital device as an IPAD, a Smartphone, or a sophisticated multimedia station. So you can hear your preferred web station or your lossesless file without cables on the room. Wireless Receiver can be equipped upon requests.

Multi Platform Connection – A customized adaptation cable to connect any digital device as Iphone, Smartphone, Laptop, CD Player etc. will be provided with this radio. This special cable suits the different impedances between the modern equipment and the receiver. Furthermore the two stereo channels flow into one without increasing the load to the input unit.

HISTORY

In 1891, the brothers Gerard and Anton Philips, started to produce the first incandescent bulbs in Eindhoven.
Later, Philips specialized in the production of electro- medical equipment, and in 1918 introduced the first X-ray tube.
In the following years, Philips began specializing in the broadcasting industry. In 1932 the company succeeded in selling over one million radio equipment and became the world’s first producer.
During the Second World War, Philips transferred to the Netherlands Antilles, and returned to the Netherlands at the end of the conflict.
In 1958 Philips was the only multinational to have a pavilion dedicated to the Expo in 1958 known as Le Poème Electronique.
In the second post- war period, began the production of the first televisions, then the launch of the music cassettes in 1963 and the production of the first integrated circuit in 1965.
In 1982 Philips launched with Sony the first compact disc player.
In 1984 Philips acquired the control of the German Grundig.
In the 90's Philips faced a financial crisis.
In 1991 it inserted on the market the Video CD and it is one of the first companies in the world to develop high definition television.
In 1999 Philips established a joint venture with LG Electronics, named LG Display, which ends in 2009.
In 2006 together with Sony launched the first Blu-ray.
In 2009 Phillips launched the first full-HD LCD TV in 21:9 format.
Phillips holds 48,000 registered patents.
Currently, the production is focused on low- energy lighting products and LED systems and services for diagnostics and production of medical devices.

MAIN FEATURES

Year of production: 1955
8 AM Circuits
11 FM Circuits
Wavebands:: LW, MW, SW, FM
Loudspeakers:
1 sub-woofer
1 mid-woofer
2 mid-tweeter
Operating voltage (CA): 110; 125; 220; 240 Volts
Dimensions (LHP): 680 x 415 x 265 mm / 26.8 x 16.3 x 10.4 inch
Net weight: 13.4 kg / 29 lb 8.2 oz
11 Tubes: ECC85 ECH81 EF89 EBF80 EM80 EABC80 EC92 UL41 UL41 EL84 EL84

Rotating ferrite aerial for AM bands

Ironless output

Philips Saturn 653/4E/3D

Philips Capella 753/4E/3D
Philips Capella 753/4E/3D

AMPLIFIERS

The preamplifier consists of two stages. At the entrance, the volume potentiometer is equipped with three sockets for physiological correction (loudness). The intervention curves are visible in the first graph.
Philips considers the frequency of 800 Hz to be the center of the audible band, so the treble and bass controls are calculated to enhance the frequencies above and below that value. The choice of this frequency is very important for the musicality and the pleasantness perceived by listening to the device.
In the second graph the frequency response of the preamplifier, with the tones enhanced to the maximum. You notice the different equalization you get by listening to the AM bands (Long Waves, Medium, Short) or listening to the FM band and PHONO.

The final stages are two distinct, one for the low frequencies and one for the high frequencies. These amplifiers control separate speakers, a 26 cm woofer for the bass and three speakers for mid/high frequency, with the 17 cm front speaker disconnectable for 3D effect.
The most interesting feature of these final stages is that they are without an output transformer.

The feature that makes this device very interesting is that each final stage uses a pair of EL84 / UL41 in an ironless configuration, ie without an output transformer (the known critical point of the final stage).
The output stage uses the operating principle called Shunt Regulated Push-Pull (SRPP) used today in HIGH-END amplifiers.
The output transformer limits the bandwidth of the entire amplifier. The bass is limited by the inductance of the primary winding, the treble is limited by the parasitic capacitance resulting from the alternation of the primary and secondary windings. The alternating winding of the primary and the secondary windings is also necessary to improve the coupling and thus reduce the dispersed flow.
The reduction of the dispersed flow increases the damping. This is essential in the loudspeakers mounted inside the cabinet of the radios, which do not work in hermetically closed boxes, and which are therefore free to move almost without resistance from the surrounding air.

The two output tubes (EL84, UL41) of each channel, four final valves in total, are connected in series with DC-DC coupling. Each UL41 is configured as a triode.
The output is taken from the cathode of the UL41. The speaker has an impedance of 800 ohms, identical to the average impedance that occurs on the catode, whereby direct coupling (without transformer) is possible between the final stage and the loudspeaker.
The Philips Saturn 653 is therefore totally free of all the problems deriving from the output transformers.

The damping of the loudspeakers is kept high by the low dynamic resistance of the feedback loop.

TONE CONTROL WITH LEVEL INDICATION

The tones control system is very efficient.
Above the large tone control knobs there is two bands that lights up gradually indicating the emphasis on the band on which it acts.
The high-tone control knob is linked to two thin ropes. One of them is for the position indicator of the control itself, whereas the other changes the position of the ferrite in the MF transformers modifying the its curve.
By doing so high tones were attenuated/accentuated even before getting to the BF stage.

Bass at max - Treble at max

Philips Capella 753/4E/3D

Bass at min - Treble at max

Philips Capella 753/4E/3D

Bass flat - Treble flat

Philips Capella 753/4E/3D

Bass at max - Treble at min

Philips Capella 753/4E/3D

Bass at min - Treble at min

Philips Capella 753/4E/3D

ANTENNE

Inside the cabinet there is a dipole for FM reception and a ferrite rotating aerial for AM reception.
Ferrite aerial can be rotated from the outside to achieve a perfect tuning of the device in the AM.
In this picture see the rotation mechanism and the position indicator of the aerial.
The reception sensitivity with internal aerials is very good.
Using an external aerial sensitivity is further increased.

TUNING INDICATOR

The magic eye has of course been replaced.

Philips Capella 753/4E/3D

LOUDSPEAKERS

The 21 cm loudspeaker, with a 23 mm diameter magnetic core, is placed at the front.
A front 17 cm mid-tweeter can also be switched off if you want to increase the 3D effect.
On the two sides, there are two elliptical tweeters pointing upwards. Radiating to the ceiling of the room to take advantage of the reflections of the environment that add to the direct radiation produce an expansion of the soundstage.
There are no dangers of stationary wave due to the working frequency of these speakers.

There are several options for connecting external speakers.
It is, in fact, possible to connect an external woofer, excluding or not the internal woofer while leaving all the other speakers active.
It is possible to connect external medium-high units, excluding or not the internal mid-tweeters, while leaving the internal woofer active.
It is possible to connect woofers and external medium-high units, excluding or not all, or some, internal speakers.

CONTROL PANEL

PHILIPS SATURN 653/4E/3D

In the center of the speaker panel is the Magic Eye which indicates the perfect tuning of each station.
KLANGREGLER - Low Tone Indicator (FA Key) and High Tone Indicator (SOL Key).
Just below we find the large Volume knob, with built-in automatic loudness correction.
FERROCEPTOR - Indicator of the position of the internal ferrite antenna. This internal antenna (excludable with the HA key) is used in the OM and OL bands. The internal antenna must be rotated until the best tuning is achieved.
Just below we find the large knob of the Manual Tuning, whose movement is very pleasant being supported by a large flywheel


Under the dials, we meet series of 6 keys.
Starting from the left the keys have the following functions:
AUS - Switch off
TA - Record player
LW - Long Waves
MW - Medium Waves
KW - Short Waves
UKW - FM

PHILIPS SATURN 653/4E/3D

REAR SIDE

Output for external speakers.
Socket for recorder (tonbandgerat).
Turntable input (Tonabnehmer)
AM and FM aerial inputs and ground socket.

Be careful: Use ONLY 800 ohm loudspeakers

RESTORING WORKS

THE USUAL AMAZING LAST IMAGE

PHILIPS SATURN 653/4E/3D

Brionvega Totem RR130 brionvega rr130 - cn

Brionvega…

Brionvega Totem RR130

BRIONVEGA RR130 - TOTEM

Brionvega is certainly the Italian brand of electronic equipment that left the deepest mark in the history of world design.
On this page, one of the most beautiful equipment of the Brionvega is presented: the TOTEM RR130.
It was designed by the architect and designer Mario Bellini in 1970.

Eight times Compasso d'Oro, Bellini counts among his most famous creations the Centro Espositivo e Congressuale di Villa Erba (Exhibition and Congress Center of Villa Erba) in Cernobbio, the Tokyo Design Center in Japan, the America Headquarters of Natuzzi in the United States, the National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne, the Headquarters of the Deutsche Bank in Frankfurt, the Department of Islamic Arts at the Louvre in Paris, the new Convention Center in Milan.

The Brionvega Totem, along with others of Bellini's works, is exhibited at the MOMA in New York. It is visible on this page of the museum.

When closed it looks like a smooth cube of 51 cm per side.
Once opened, the turntable, the console and the two adjustable and removable speakers are found.
The turntable is a beautiful DUAL 1257 with a magnetic cartridge DUAL DN145E. The turntable and the cartridge will be analysed in detail later.
The central body includes a 22W stereo amplifier, an AM/FM tuner and a muzak receiver.

The Totem project follows the famous RR126 Radiofonografo. The two devices share different circuits, but several improvements and updates have been implemented in the Totem.

The acoustic quality is interesting. Leaving the speakers in their rotating supports, the distance between them is sufficient to guarantee a fair stereo separation, even if the best results are surely obtained by extracting the speakers from their supports and placing them at a distance of more than 1,5 meters.
The power is more than enough to fill medium-sized environments.
Rather than the frequency response, which is still quite linear, the most interesting feature is the kind of musicality the device can express. In fact, the sound is warm and mellow, close to the sound of tube amplifiers. This result derives from the type of circuit with a low negative feedback rate and the use of fair components, in complete contrast to the projects of Japanese derivation that were so fashionable in the 1970s.

A musicality with these features, a brilliant design, such a strong personality have determined its remarkable commercial success.

In our restorations we propose a small modification to the loudspeakers by equipping them with a brighter tweeter, which associated with the insertion of a bluetooth 5.1 circuit or of a wi-fi connection allows the listening of liquid music or any web-station of the world with a satisfying level of pleasantness in the listening.

The aesthetic remains absolutely unaltered but the sound changes significantly, becoming considerably more precise and free of disturbances.

Almost all the devices that are sent to us are stained, yellowed and with damaged edges.
For this reason we have equipped ourselves for the total double repainting (white and anthracite) and the screen printing of all the front and back writings.

These incredible restorations are photographically documented at the bottom of the page in the dedicated section.

BRIONVEGA RR130

Brionvega Totem RR130

 

BLUETOOTH

Bluetooth receiver embed

READ MORE >

CONNESSIONE A DISPOSITIVI DIGITALI

Each radio is equipped with a cable for connection to any digital device.

READ MORE >

TUBESOUND IMPROVEMENT

- Bluetooth receiver embed - The unit is equipped with a BLUETOOTH receiver powered directly by the receiver power supply. This makes it possible to control the amplifier from any external digital device as an IPAD, a Smartphone, or a sophisticated multimedia station. So you can hear your preferred web station or your lossesless file without cables on the room. Wireless Receiver can be equipped upon requests.
- Multi Platform Connection - A customized adaptation cable to connect any digital device as Iphone, Smartphone, Laptop, CD Player etc. will be provided with this radio. This special cable suits the different impedances between the modern equipment and the receiver. Furthermore the two stereo channels flow into one without increasing the load to the input unit.

Brionvega

 

Brionvega

 

HISTORY

In 1945 in Milan, Giuseppe Brion and the engineer Leone Pajetta founded the B.P.M. (Brion Pajetta Milano), electronic component production company.
At the beginning of the 50s the company specialized in the production of radio devices and becomes the Vega B.P. Radio.
At the beginning of the 60s specialized in the production of Tvs and becomes Radio Vega Television.
In 1963, the company takes the definitive name of Brionvega.

Brionvega since ever had world-known designers and produced objects that are exposed in the most famous international museums.
Among the firsts designers Zanuso and Sapper, 1964, that projected the portable TV Algol 11 (picture on the bottom left) and the radio TS 502, the “cube” (picutre on the bottom right).
In 1965 the Castiglioni brothers (ppicture on the top left) signed then the Stereophonic Radiofonografo RR126.
In 1970 the designer Mario Bellini traces the shape of the stereo system “Totem” (picture on the top right).
In 1992, the company is sold by the Brion family to the Seleco.
In 1997 Seleco goes out of business and Brionvega, controlled, does so.
In 2004 SIM2 Multimedia has acquired the part of the Brionvega company dedicated to the radio production.
In 2010 SIM2 Multimedia acquires also the TV sector of the historical italian brand.

Brionvega Totem RR130

Brionvega

 

MAIN FEATURES

Year of production: 1970

Wavebands:

Long wave (OL), Medium wave (OM), FM

AC Voltage: 110; 125; 160; 220 Volt

6 loudspeakers

Dimensions (LHD): 510 x 510 x 510 mm / 20.1 x 20.1 x 20.1 inch (closed)
Net weight: 70 lb 8 oz

26 Transistors:

Brionvega Totem RR130

TURNTABLE

The turntable used in the Totem is the DUAL 1257.
This is an excellent semi-automatic equipped with a DUAL 16-pole motor, with belt transmission and a very heavy plate, for an excellent rotation stability; wow and flutter, in fact, remain within a small 0,05%.
The belt transmission and the detachment of all the not necessary mechanisms during operation allow to reach a signal / noise ratio of 68dB.
The 1257 is equipped with stroboscope and fine adjustment of the speed. It is also provided with micrometric adjustment of the bracket weight and separate Antiskating settings for Conical or Elliptical stylus.

The magnetic cartridge is a DUAL DN145E. This is a cartridge with diamond elliptical stylus built by Ortofon.
A frequency response is declared from 10Hz to 28,000Hz with an output level of 4.0mV
The dimensions of the elliptical stylus are 6 x 18 μm.
The manufacturer recommends adjusting the weight to 1,5 gr.
The load resistance is 47 kOhm.

Brionvega Totem RR130 Brionvega Totem RR130

VOLUME CONTROLS

The Totem RR130 is equipped with two separate volume controls.
- The first (LOUDNESS) changes the level by automatically changing the frequency response curve according to a physiological criterion (at low volume the bass and treble are enhanced).
- The second (VOLUME) changes the level, leaving the frequency response curve unchanged.
Both commands increase the overall output level.

Listening to LOW LEVEL: turn the volume knob to maximum and act only on the loudness knob to get the desired level.
Listening to MEDIUM LEVEL: turn the volume knob halfway and turn the loudness knob to get the desired level.
Listening to HIGH LEVEL: act on both the volume and loudness knobs to get the desired level.

Brionvega Totem RR130

CONTROL PANEL

 Left from the top we find two instruments:
- the FM signal level
- the centering of the station
Then we find the knobs of LOUNDNESS,  LEVEL, BALANCE, TREBLE and BASS.
Below we see the knob of the AM tuning which acts on the indicator of the three scales below SW, MW, LW.
On the right you can still see the FM tuning knob which acts on the scale up indicator, FM.

Brionvega Totem RR130

In the lower row of the panel we find a series of keys that have the following functions:
ON/OFF
AFC - Automatic Frequency Control
PHONO - Turntable
TAPE - Tape Recorder
FD - Muzak
LW - Long Waves
MW - Medium Waves
SW - Shortwave
FM
Finally we find six keys numbered from 1 to 6 with which you can choose the channels of the muzak.

LOUDSPEAKERS

Each speaker is equipped with three cone speakers, a woofer, a midrange and a tweeter.

Curious is the electrical connections between loudspeakers and amplifier. It is obtained simply by inserting the loudspeakers box into the appropriate support tube, equipped with slide contacts.

The woofer and the mid are quite adequate to the characteristics of the amplifier.
The tweeter is a little silky, soft, it lacks a bit in transparency in the higher frequencies.
This feature was totally irrelevant in radio reproduction, while using the Totem for listening to liquid music or other digital sources we prefer to replace the tweeter with a more modern and brilliant one.
Also the reproduction of vinyls benefits considerably from this.
Of course, in our restorations, the modification leaves the external aesthetics completely unchanged.

Brionvega Totem RR130

REAR SIDE

Output for external speakers.

Socket for recorder (tonbandgerat).

Turntable input (Tonabnehmer)

AM and FM aerial inputs and ground socket.

Power fuse and loudspeakers fuse.

ELECTRONIC AND CABINET RESTORE

THE USUAL AMAZING LAST IMAGE
Brionvega Totem RR130
Braun RCS9 braun - cn

Braun RCS…

Braun RCS9

Braun RCS9

BRAUN建造的最佳电子管接收器
Same receiver you find on model with turntable Atelier 2 and 3.

但让我们从头开始。接收器部分可以说是Braun电子管设备生产的极限。德国最大的电子管接收器生产还是属于这些大厂,比如Telefunken Opus 2550,Nordmende 3004,Graetz Stereo Unit 250,the Saba Studio I等。

本装置的主要特点是电路的简化(现今而言是理所当然的,但1961年被认为是一个显着的特点)。Braun不同于其他设备,针对低失真和杰出的音乐透明度其负反馈减少到单一的电阻(图中红色圈记)。

权威的声音控制电路:一个非常有效的且平衡的Baxandall电路(图中黄色圈记)。它允许依据电位器而不改变信号的相位状况下控制声音。

响度电路(图中绿色圈记)是非常简单的而且低频重点研究是正确的。声音质量和德律风根,Nordmende是一样好;和GrundigGraetz在同一水平,Braun也许比他們更细致。

你肯定需要一組高效率的扬声器。其惊人的设计和其性能对这种升级的设备是有价值的。

 

-调频频率范围扩大到88~104兆赫。
-配备超静音MPX解码器。
-具备静音电阻器的输出级。
-配备蓝牙接收器。
这是一部配备齐全的电子管接收器

 

FM频率范围

调频频率范围从88扩大到104兆赫(MHz)

阅读更多 >

放大器的改进

新的放大器改用静音电容器及电阻

阅读更多 >

立体声解码器

配备MPX解码器

阅读更多 >

蓝牙

内置蓝牙接收器

阅读更多 >

放大管声音的改进

- FM频率范围从88到104兆赫---在1950 / 60年代德国生产的电子管收音机是世界闻名的,这是因为他们出色的声音质量,他们美丽的机箱外型,他们的实力和他们没有妥协的作业标准。不幸的是,FM频段只有从87.5~100兆赫,但无法接收到100兆赫以上的电台,经过仔细的研究和大量的测试,我们能够获得的频率范围由原有范围扩大至88~104兆赫。我们还重建了一个与原始完全相同的玻璃面板,用相同的材料和相同的技术,且与新的频率范围对应,结果是完美的。使我们可以在任何国家收听到大部分的FM电台。

相容性特点:
-比Braun稍新几年
-与原来的唱片机尺寸相当
-Piezo唱头: 所以它能夠在Braun前置放大器完美地工作
改进特点:
- 唱头重量调整
- 抗滑调整
这是必要的一个重要的上方面板调整工作,但结果是完美的,似乎是与生俱来的。

- - 放大器的改进---新的高品质金属膜电阻器取代嘈杂的老式碳复合电阻。旧的电容器完全更新,新的电阻器具有非常低的寄生损耗(ESR)。我们非常注意这些老旧零配件的续用性。所有的改进都是实质性的。

- -超静音MPX解码器--- MPX解码器引入RF和BF阶段之间。通常没有这个装置的。这个解码器是由和我一起工作德国工程师特别为这个接收器设计的。噪音电平非常低。串话干扰完美校准。正确的接收条件,结果是一个准确的声学重建

- 蓝牙接收器加装-该单位配备了一个蓝牙接收器,直接由收音机供应电源。这使得有可能控制放大器从任何外部数字设备作为一个iPad,智能手机,或一个复杂的多媒体站。所以你能无线听到您喜欢的网站或你的无损档案。无线接收器可根据要求选配。

Rams-London

迪特·拉姆斯(Dieter Rams)在伦敦设计博物馆中的新电子展馆里为”设计现代生活”展览布置。

London Design Museum Rams

伦敦设计博物馆

相关人物简介

- Walter Gropius, 新建筑与包豪斯, 剑桥、麻省理工大学出版社, 1968, ©1965.
- Gropius - Marston Fitch, Walter Gropius, 纽约, G. Braziller, (世界建筑大师系列), 1960.
- Magdalena Droste; Angelika Taschen, 包豪斯 1919 - 1933, Ko?ln Taschen 2002,
- Reissinger; Robinson; Siebenbrodt, Bauhaus Weimar - 设计的未来, Ostfildern-Ruit : Hatje Cantz Publishers, 2000.
- Jaeggi-Schwaiger, Fagus: 从Werkbund到Bauhaus的工业文化, 纽约 , Princeton Architectural Press, 2000.
- Hans-Joachim Braun, 在第二十世纪的德国经济(德意志帝国和联邦共和国),纽约出版社, Routledge, New York 1990.
- Jonathan M Woodham, 第二十年代的设计,牛津大学出版社,牛津, 1997.
- Nigel Whiteley, 为社会的设计,伦敦,Reaktion Books, 1998.

Web:
- http://www.bauhaus.de/
- http://designmuseum.org/design/dieter-rams
- http://gizmodo.com/5411868/dieter-rams-gallery/gallery/10
- http://www.formguide.de/en/designers/overview/peter-keler/

包豪斯与60年代

 

 

1961年是“第二十世纪历史”的“十字路口”之一。在欧洲,这一年的事件将留下深刻的印记,无论是好是坏。战后的国际形势发生了深刻的变化。那些打败纳粹德国的国家现在在军事上和思想上都是对立的。从年初起,冷战影响了全世界,新的全球战争的威胁出现在这一点上不可避免的。在这种阴郁的气候下,人类接连发生了一系列重大事件。

特别是在德国,1961年被回忆起“长城之年”。几天后,德意志民主共和国当局下令建造一个双层墙和武装监视系统,目的是阻止民主德国(含首都东柏林)和德意志联邦共和国(简称“联邦德国”或“西德”)所属的西柏林之间人员的自由往来。柏林墙成为东西柏林地区之间的对比,逐渐涉及到整个世界的象征,不久之后将在两年后与古巴危机的核灾难的边缘。

对比两个超级大国涉及经济和政治生活的各个领域。科学研究为征服太空而铺路,也开辟了美国与苏联之间的另一场太空竞赛。1961年4月12日,Yuri Gagarin与东方1号是第一次人类在太空轨道环绕地球的。美利坚合众国必须承认这是苏联技术发展的巨大飞跃。

这是以对立身份出现知识分子之间建立的桥梁。对文化而言1961年果然也是不平凡的一年:Ivo Andric是获得诺贝尔文学奖;法兰克福学派实证主义与辩证唯物主义之间的争论。Karl Popper和Theodor Adorno讨论了科学的研究方法,产生了“Positivismusstreit”,即实证主义和唯物辩证法之间的冲突,将影响未来的认识论的争论。哲学论争是由马克思主义和实证主义的不同意识形态观所引发的。海明威自杀,Primo Levi写道“休止/停战”,历经啤酒的地狱后回到生活世界的帐单。

此外,已在第二次世界大战中被摧毁,在50年代继续形成了一个前所未有的经济增长时期的铺垫,1961年经济繁荣年和重新建设的欧洲。福利社会兴起,德国处于第一线。

德国文化的重新发现者Weimar。而艺术和戏剧的先锋派的代表,如Brecht. Walter Gropius.在1919的包豪斯建筑的革命倾向的创始人,Walter Gropius是BAUHAUS学校的创办人,包豪斯的目的是将艺术和工艺结合起来,以此解决工业革命所产生的问题。Walter Gropius认为,“必须形成一个新的设计学派来影响本国的工业界”。第二次世界大战后,他的建筑理论和实践为各国建筑界所推崇。他认为现代建筑师要创造自己的美学章法,“通过精确的不含糊的形式,清新的对比,各种部件之间的秩序,形体和色彩的匀称与统一来创造自己的美学章法。这是社会的力量与经济所需要的。在日常生活用品的设计中,包豪斯强调设计家要着眼于工业大生产,要为大多数人生产实用美观的物品,而不是为少数的富豪生产奢侈品。

新的建筑技术的概念进入大公司槽由聘请设计师,新的专业,开始影响生产线。随着事情的新方法,是产品的销售对象是在一个“总”的产品来看,这是一个综合的技术和概念,现代的设计理念为我们目前的意思是天生的。

Braun是最早决定投资设计的公司之一。最好的设计师是Dieter Rams,他出生于1932年5月20日,出生地是德国的威斯巴登。1947年他在威斯巴登的Werkkunst学校建筑学专业学习。1955年他成为1921年建立的Braun公司的一位建筑师和室内设计师,1956年开始为他们设计产品。1961年他成为布劳恩公司产品设计和发展部门的领导。他曾为建筑师奥图·阿培尔(Otto Apel)短暂地工作,随后便加入家电用品制造商百灵的设计部门,同时期建立起与乌尔姆造型学院的产学合作关系,1961年晋升为百灵首席设计师,一直到1995年仍留有这个头衔。他带来了发展“符合人体工程学的重要性”的概念,总结了他的名言"Weniger, aber besser",,即“少,但更好”,或者更广泛意义上的“少,只要更好”。他在作品中对Bauhaus的影响是明显的,特别是Peter Keler的作品,从他作为概念的“空间”和“线性”的作品为“wiege(摇篮)”,1922翻译成简单和优雅的线条。

Carlo Giacchin

Dieter Rams Paris.jpg

Dieter Rams at Vitsœ - Paris

由Dieter Rams提出,好的设计应具备的十项原则:

1.好的设计是革新的: 永远不要为了设计革新而革新。

2.好的设计是实用的: 产品是供人使用的,好的设计强调产品的实用性。

3.好的设计是美观的: 一个产品的审美品质和它的实用性是不可分割的,因为产品每天都在使用,对人们和他们的幸福都有影响。

4. 好的设计使产品可以理解: 它能够自己解释自己。

5.好的设计是谨慎克制的: 履行某种功能的产品具有工具属性,它们既不是装饰物也不是艺术品。

6.好的设计是诚实的: 产品不应该看起来比实际上更创新、更高效和更有价值,它不试图通过无法兑现的承诺来操纵消费者。

7.好的设计是经久永恒的: 它避免迎合时尚,也因此不会过时。

8.好的设计在细枝末节处也维持一致: 不要容忍随意和偶然。设计的逻辑性和准确性,最终都是表达对消费者的尊重。

9.好的设计是环保的:设计是要为保护环境作出重要贡献。

10.好的设计是尽可能少的设计: 少,但更好。回到纯净,回到简单。

主要特点

生产年份: 1961/65

超外差式收音机IF 455/10700
8 AM电路,12 FM电路.
无线电波段: 長波,中波, 短波,FM

电压(AC)110;125;160;220伏特

尺寸(LHD) 562 x 195 x 280 mm

净重量:13公斤

11管: ECC85 ECH81 EF89 EBF89 EM84 ECC83 ECC83 EC92 EC92 ELL80 ELL80

Braun RCS9
Braun RCS9

音调控制

音调控制采用Baxandall电路系统。

网络是对数式电位器,如原來Baxandall展现。

这个电路改进的反应曲线的对称性是值得的

天线

机壳内有一个半波偶极天线FM调频接收和旋转镍锌铁氧体天线AM调幅接收。
旋转镍锌铁氧体天线可以从外部旋转,实现了在AM调幅完美的调整。
在这张图片中,看到旋转机构和空中的位置指示器。具有内部天线的接收灵敏度很好。
使用外部天线灵敏度进一步增加

Braun RCS9 Atelier 2
Braun Atelier 3 Enhanced

调谐指示器

调谐指示当然已经被更换

控制面板

Braun RCS9

由左至右三个旋钮分别是:音量控制(内置响度),高音及低音控制旋钮。
在上面你看到魔眼(调谐指示器)
魔眼右侧是接收波段显示:FM调频,短,中,长波波段
由左至右有十个按键,依序为:关闭,声音,AFC,立体声/单声道、唱片机、LW、内部天线,MW,SW,FM。
右边是调谐大旋钮。
下面你看到音量控制II(停用),平衡控制和铁氧体天线方向旋钮。

Braun RCS9 Atelier 2

背面

外部扬声器输出。
录音机输入。
唱片机输入。
AM调幅和FM调频天线输入和接地插座。

恢复步骤

呈现美丽的形象
Braun RCS9
Ducati RR3404 Paniere ducati - cn

Ducati RR…

Ducati RR3404 Paniere

The Ducati Breveti Society was born in Bologna in 1926 by the Ducati family.
The business grew quickly, so much so, that Adriano Ducati decided to extend the production from condenser to complete radio equipment.
When the Borgo Panigale office was opened further expansion took place.
In 1938, the Optics centre was created and for this reason two other plants were built near Borgo Panigale (one near Bazzano and one in Crespellano).
This production intensified to the point that Bruno Ducati began to study a new project to extend the plant even further.
In 1935, the Borgo Panigale plant was established.
This was a modern and ambitious project intended to create an industrial and technological centre in Bologna.
During this time, Ducati developed abroad opening branches in London, Paris, New York, Sydney and Caracus.
In 1954, during state management Ducati’s production was divided into Ducati Electrotechnics and Ducati Mechanics.
Ducati Mechanics was located in Plant 2, while Ducati Electrotechnics (now Ducati Energia) occupied the rest of the building.
The rest is modern history.

It is not a device purchased in recent times. It was purchased from the grandfather of the current owner.
The radio remained in the family, it was the only survivor of a previous collection; it was too important to remain abandoned in a damp warehouse.
This magic talking box, deserved to see the light of day again and make its baritone tone resonate in the middle of the room.

The page dedicated to this device is different from the usual one, it illustrates the history about this excellent and fascinating restoration.

Ducati 350 Mark 3
Ducati 350 Mark 3 - My first motorcycle, purchased with my personal savings, aged 18.
Ducati capacitor
The first Ducati capacitor, the “Manens”.

THE DAY IT WAS DELIVERED TO ME

THE LOUDSPEAKER

THE CABINET

THE FRAME

REASSEMBLY

telefunken concertino steuergerät 2380 german radios - cn

Telefunke…

TELEFUNKEN CONCERTINO STEUERGERÄT 2380

TELEFUNKEN CONCERTINO STEUERGERÄT 2380

大约在60年代初期,德国最大的制造商把我们现在称之为“接收器”的产品推向市场。他们称之为Steuergerät,即电子控制单元。Telefunken(德律风根)Concertino Steuergerät 2380就是一个这样的设备。
德律风根生产两类的steuergeräT,分别配置A级输出和AB级输出。Concertino 2380属于A级输出,Opus 2430和后来的Opus 2550则属于AB级输出。
Concertino和Opus 2550具有相同的尺寸,相同的外壳。Opus机型输出更强大一些,每频道7 W,而Concertino每频道4 W。但4W在A级输出具有其特殊性的:它的优点是失真度小,信号越小传真度越高。因其高传真度,部分高级音响器材仍采用A級放大器。
Opus和Concertino的另一个很大的区别是,Opus设计了一个嵌入式的立体声解码器,雖然在Concertino解码器是选购的。但我们所有的Concertinos都是配备了立体声解码器。
Concertino最终管是著名的ECL86。这种双重管由一个三极管作为前置放大器,和一个五极管作为功率输出。
我们经常可以发现这种管使用于精制的放大器中,如Bang & Olufsen 608或Scott Stereomaster 200B。
Concertino 2380配备了超大的输出变压器以防止空气间隙达到饱和。此外,超大形的电源供器,你可以在图片中看到。
该电路还提供了负反馈,保证其线性度。
前置放大器有一个音量和音调控制( 高音和低音分离的控制 )。
还有两个移动式均衡器,进一步强调低音和高音。当该设备连接到频率反应不是完全线性的扬声器时,它们是非常有用的。
最后,声音是非常圆润和平衡的,正如你所期望的。你可以感知音符之间的空间。这电子管装置产生一个温暖的声音,正如预期的那样,但如果连接至有超高音喇叭的扬声器时,甚至会令人產生急躁感。
这种类型的设备有如此的声音质量真的是不可想象。由于该设备内置蓝牙,所以特别适合听”流媒体音乐”。这在我看来,是把它的使用最佳化。

一台配置单端A级放大输出的美丽立体声接收器,放进一个有价值的隐藏柜里。这是一个珍贵老式家庭高保真系统的组合。

telefunken concertino steuergerät 2380

分離式的扬声器
它可以连接任何扬声器,最好是高效率扬声器。

详细介绍 >

立体声解码器
该设备配备了罕见的立体声解码器,让您收听FM调频立体声广播多种立体声。

详细介绍 >

蓝牙
内置蓝牙接收器

详细介绍 >

多平台的连接
每台收音机都配有一条特殊的音频线以连接任何数位音源。

详细介绍 >

电子管声音强化

- 独立式的扬声器 - 使用独立式的扬声器是立体声接收器的重要选择。这使您的接收器能够在最适合的特定空间连接扬声器,以达到设计或声学性能要求。最适合进行分析后的扬声器。

- 立体声解码器-它配备了 - 个集成立体声解码器。这允许您使用立体声传输系统收听电台。许多立体声接收器没有配备这种多路转换器,所以他们只有当选择录音机/唱片机/辅助输入时才会有立体声工作。这样的接收器在听收音机时,两频道发送相同的信号,所以听的是单声道。Concertino 2380不是上述的情况,而是完全超越立体声。

- 蓝牙接收器加装-该单位配备了一个蓝牙接收器,直接由收音机供应电源。这使得有可能控制放大器从任何外部数字设备作为一个iPad,智能手机,或一个复杂的多媒体站。所以你能无线听到您喜欢的网站或你的无损档案。无线接收器可根据要求选配。

多平台连接-一个定制的适应电缆连接任何数字设备,如iPhone,智能手机,笔记本电脑,CD播放器等将提供这台收音机。这种特殊的电缆适合现代设备和接收机之间的不同阻抗。此外,两个立体声信道流入一个不增加负载的输入单元。

Kaiser Wilhelm II
Telefunken U73b Compressor
Telefunken U73b Compressor
Telefunken V76 in studio

故事

1903年: 為了防止English Marconi公司对无线传输市场的垄断,Kaiser Wilhelm II命令AEG公司和Siemens公司成立一个合资企业在德国发展无线电报。以Gesellschaft für drahtlose Telegrafen mbH公司名称成立。

1923年: 公司更名为Firmierung in Telefunken,Gesellschaft für drahtlose Telegrafen mbH。简称德律风根(Telefunken),快速和直接的感觉:Tele是“电报”的意思, Funken则是“闪电”的意思。

1930年: 逐步从军事和政府设备的生产转到消费电器的生产。在这期间,德律风根进入收音机-电视,唱片机和唱片市场。

1930年: 当时无线电传输不仅需要传送电报信息,而且还需要真正的音乐和语音广播,因此有必要引入声音压缩的概念,以避免无线电音量的不断变化。德律风根设计并生产的U3,这是世界上第一个发射站的压缩机。图片所看到的U73b是由以前的机型演变而生,它允许你改变压缩程度、释放时间、启动次数。

1941年: 所有德律风根的一切均转移到AEG公司,AEG成为德律风根的唯一拥有者,包含其工厂和各项专利。

1948年: 德国没有被邀请参与哥本哈根会议,会议决定中欧的中波和短波无线电频率的区分。战争刚刚结束,德国不被认为是一个技术上重要的国家。正因为如此,德国决定发展FM调频广播,FM传输的质量大大高于其他国家的AM。在这个时候,德律风根开发出V72麦克风/放大系统及其衍生产品,适用于所有德国广播公司和大多数欧洲国家,以及最重要的录音棚,如EMI,Decca,Telefunken等。

1955年: 公司改成为德律风根公司( Telefunken GmbH )。

1967年: 德律风根与AEG公司合併,公司成为AEG-Telefunken

1970年: 管理不善导致公司失去市场份额。AEG公司开始外包整个业务部门和不断重整。

1985 年: Daimler-Benz AG买下了AEG-Telefunken。

1996年: Telefunken被除名,並且音频产品相关的所有活动停止。

今天的公司名称更新为Telefunken Holding AG,并以此名称使用及负责于全球。在美国Telefunken USA买下权利并以Telefunken Elektroakustik品牌行销原有的麦克风和音频设备于全球市场。

帮助音乐传播至整个世界的原来公司已经不存在了。

主要特点

生产年份:1963

超外差式收音机IF 468/10700 - 8 AM电路,12 FM电路.

Wavebands: 中波(OM),Long Waves(OL), 短波(OC),FM(UKW) 

电压(AC)110;125;160;220伏特

外部扬声器

尺寸(LHD):650 x 255 x 270 (mm)

净重量:14公斤

8管: ECC85 ECH81 EBF89 EBC91 EM84 ECC83 2 x ECL86

AM调幅波段旋转铁氧体天线
立体声解码器

telefunken concertino steuergerät 2380

扬声器

这种接收器与高效率扬声器的连接是完美的。

任何扬声器: Open Baffle, or JBL, Altec, Cervin Vega and Jensen。

带有隐藏低音炮卫星扬声器也很好。

然而,接收器不能驱动低效率的扬声器,如AR3A和相似型式的扬声器。

水平指示的音调控制

从这个时期起每个Concertino 2380高保真放大器都有单独的低音和高音控制。

一个有趣的特点是,因为它与响度电路联合,高音调控制也改变其效率与音量变化。

有一个频率响应的校正系统的,包括两个按钮,插入预设均衡曲线。BASS按钮强调低频,而Jazz按钮强调高频率。

天线的方向

柜内有一个偶极接收FM波段和短波。铁氧体旋转天线用于長波和中波接收。铁氧体天线可以从外部旋转,以收集最大可能的信号,同时接收两个AM频带。

在图中你可以看到天线旋转的整个机制。使用内部天线,灵敏度非常好。当然,在某些情况下,使用外部天线可进一步增加接收机的灵敏度。

AM调幅与FM调频的调谐分开控制

不同于其他德国制造设备,调谐系统是有趣的。该设备配备了独立的调幅和调频波段调谐机制。有两个调谐旋钮,独立但同轴,电缆和滑轮系统分开取决于波段。这种类型的调谐有一个非常强大的机械学。

关于保养,清洁和润滑每10至15年一次是足够的。

telefunken concertino steuergerät 2380

调谐指示器

魔眼当然已更換新品了

主要的控制

telefunken concertino steuergerät 2380

右边是魔眼,他可以表示每个电台信号是否完美调谐。

您还可以看到同轴音量控制(内置响度)和平衡控制。

下面是Bass控制旋钮。

在顶部,我们可以找到玻璃面板。

以下按顺序,
-低音开关(低音增强),

-立体声,AUS(關),
- LW(长波),MW(中波)、KW(短波),UKW(FM),
- INTIM(降低音量20分贝),
-爵士(高音强调)。
最后有AM调幅/FM调频调谐旋钮。
下面,你可以看到高音控制旋钮。

telefunken concertino steuergerät 2380

后侧

外部扬声器输出。

插座录音机(tonbandgerat)。

唱片机输入(tonabnehmer)

AM调幅和FM调频天线输入和接地插座。

修复工作

最后的画面总是令人赞叹
telefunken concertino steuergerät 2380